More of carbohydrate must be given as complex starches rather than simple sugars as they breakdown more slowly to release glucose in blood. The presence of fiber in complex carbohydrate like grains, vegetables and other starches slows the glucose absorption. One should emphasize more on the high fiber food instead of high fiber supplements available in the market.
It is way one consumes his calories and spends his calories by various means like exercises. To be more specific the doctor shall recommend a certain calorie diet per day and ask the dietician to prepare a menu for it.
All the diabetics should know the calorific values of the foods they consume and amount of calories they burn with various activities.
High fiber food
Low fiber food
|Cereals||Whole cereals like whole wheat,
Dalia(porridge) , whole wheat flour
|Refined cereals like rice,
bread, maida, suji(Rava),
noodles, macaroni, etc
|Milk and milk products||-||Milk and milk products|
|Pulses||Whole dhals and dhals with husk||Washed dhals|
|Meat, fish and poultry||-||Eggs, chicken, fish|
|Vegetables||Vegetables like peas,
beans, lotus stem etc.
|Vegetables like potato,
lauki(bottle guard) etc.
|Fruits||Fruits like apple, cherries, pears,
peaches, plums, guava etc.
|Fruit juices and fruits like
banana and papaya
Sample diet plan (for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus)
||Tea (preferably without sugar)|
|Breakfast||Dalia (Broken Wheat) (salted) / Paneer (Indian Cheese) on toast
Tea without sugar Apple
Channa curry / or any other whole dhal
Beans sabzi / or any other sabzi (avoid potatoes)
Curds / ghia raita Salad
|Tea||Tea Salty biscuits|
|Dinner||Vegetable soup / tomato soup / chicken soup
2 chapatti / missi roti (combining wheat flour with channa flour and soya flour) Palak paneer sabzi / paneer bhurji Curds
Sample diet plan (for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus)
||Tea (without sugar)|
Boiled egg Toast
|Lunch||2 chapatti (add extra chapatti if required)
Lobia curry / or any other whole dal
Capsicum sabzi / karela / or any other sabzi
Curds / raita Salad
|Tea||Tea / milk Vegetable sandwich|
Cabbage sabzi / or any other sabzi Salad
|Bed time||Kheer / fruit custard|
To remember :
- It is important to control the amount and time of food intake.
- Meals should not be missed.
- Consider the likes and dislikes of the patient.
- Try to substitute the craving for sweet by taking some fruit
Food to be avoided :
Glucose, sugar, honey, all sweets, chocolates and candies.
Food to be restricted :
Potatoes, yam, arbi, sweet potatoes, mangoes, grapes, bananas, alcoholic beverages, fried food, paranthas, poories, pakoras, mathris, deep fried food, dry fruits, salad oils, cakes and pastries.
Food to be taken at will :
Green, leafy vegetables, tomatoes, cucumber, radish, soups, buttermilk, tea and coffee without sugar.